Voters in Maine, Washington state and Maryland approved ballot measures legalizing same-sex marriage Nov. 6.In Minnesota, voters rejected a state constitutional amendment to define marriage as only a union between a man and woman.The Catholic bishops in each state had urged voters to uphold the traditional definition of marriage between one man and one woman and warned that religious liberties could be threatened by legalizing same-sex marriage.Maryland and Washington voters upheld laws permitting same-sex marriage that were passed earlier in the year by their legislatures and signed by their governors, but challenged in the referendum process.Minnesota's action does not make same-sex marriage legal. There is still a state law banning it, but by rejecting the constitutional amendment, voters cleared the way for the Legislature or courts to move to permit such marriages.Thirty other states have passed laws prohibiting same-sex marriages. Previously six states and the District of Columbia had allowed same-sex marriages through legislative action and court rulings.Voters in Maine approved a referendum authorizing same-sex marriage, a measure that bypassed courts and the Legislature, and reversed a 2009 referendum banning such unions.Archbishop Salvatore Cordileone of San Francisco, chairman of the U.S. bishops' Subcommittee for the Promotion and Defense of Marriage, called for renewed efforts to strengthen and protect marriage and family life and expressed gratitude to marriage protection supporters.Election Day was a disappointing one for marriage, he said."The meaning of marriage, though, cannot be redefined because it lies within our very nature. No matter what policy, law or judicial decision is put into place, marriage is the only institution that unites a man and a woman to each other and to any children born of their union," he said. "It is either this, or it is nothing at all.""In a society marked by increasing poverty and family fragmentation, marriage needs to be strengthened, promoted, and defended, not redefined. I hope and pray that political leaders, judges, and all people will seek to honor this foundational and common sense truth of marriage," the archbishop said.In Maryland, Baltimore Archbishop William Lori was among the most vocal leaders of the campaign to defeat the referendum, and he expressed disappointment in the vote. "I think that vote will prove not to have been for the common good of our state," he said.The Maryland Catholic Conference, which advocates for public policy on behalf of the state's bishops, joined the Maryland Marriage Alliance in efforts to overturn the law. Archbishop Lori praised the advocates' work over the past year."So much hard work went into this, and I'm very, very grateful to everyone who worked so hard," he said. "We will continue to witness to the values of marriage as understood as the union of one man and one woman, as the most sound, secure and loving way to bring children into the world."The Catholic conference said: "Regrettably, Marylanders decided by the narrowest of margins not to repeal the law that redefines marriage." With 99.8 percent of the Maryland vote tallied, 52 percent approved the measure, compared to 48 percent who rejected it.The language of the ballot measure "masked the fact that this law does not simply assign civil benefits to gay and lesbian couples, but drastically dismantles in our state law the fundamental family unit of mother, father and child," the conference said. "The people of Maryland were promised that this law would protect religious institutions and individuals who believe marriage is the union of one man and one woman, and we will remain vigilant in ensuring that those promises are upheld," it added.The Catholic Church not only opposes the legalization of same-sex marriage, it also teaches that any sexual activity outside of marriage is sinful.Bishop Richard Malone, administrator of the Diocese of Portland, Maine, said was “deeply disappointed that a majority of Maine voters have redefined marriage from what we have understood it to be for millennia by civilizations and religions around the world.” Maine's voters repealed the same-sex marriage ban, 53-47 percent.The bishops of Washington, in efforts to persuade voters to oppose legalizing the marriages, had issued video statements and a pastoral statement opposing the referendum. But voters approved the referendum, 52-48 percent.In Minnesota, 51.2 percent of the electorate voted against an amendment to define marriage as only a union between a man and woman, compared to 47.6 percent who supported the measure.Archbishop John Nienstedt of St. Paul and Minneapolis wrote in the archdiocesan newspaper, The Catholic Spirit, that the church's "effort to support God's unchanging plan for marriage is not a campaign against anyone but rather a positive effort to promote the truth about marriage as a union between one man and one woman."—CNS{gallery width=100 height=100}gallery/2012/1116/elexmarriage/{/gallery}